a4j:loadBundle allows to use reference to bundle messages during the Ajax re-rendering.
a4j:loadBundle is a substitution for the f:loadBundle in JSF 1.1 which is not originally a JSF component.
f:loadBundle is a jsp tag that loads the bundle messages into the request scope when page is
rendered. As soon as each Ajax request works in own request scope, the bundles loaded with
f:loadBundle are unavailable.
Instead of f:loadBundle that might be located anywhere on the page, the a4j:loadBundle
should be declared inside the f:view (this does not matter in case of using Facelets)
JSF 1.2 introduces the bundle registered in the faces-config.xml. This fixes the problem
with f:loadBundle. Therefore, you can use this JSF 1.2 way to declare your bundles.